Tuesday, January 7, 2020

The Pros and Cons of Developing Genetically Engineered...

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Developing Genetically Engineered Organisms Genetic engineering is the method of changing organisms characteristics inherited by alerting it genetic material. This often done to cause micro organisms, such as bacteria and viruses, to synthesize increased yields of compounds, to form entirely new compounds, or to adapt to different environments. Other uses of this such of a technology, is known as the recombinant DNA technology, it includes gene therapy, which is the supply of a functional gene to a person with a genetic disorder or with other diseases such as acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) or cancer. Genetic engineering involves the manipulation of†¦show more content†¦Another way, recently discovered, of producing many identical copies of a particular DNA fragment is the polymerase chain reaction. This method is rapid and avoids the need for cloning DNA into a vector. You can find genetically engineered organism fairly common in genetically modified foods, such as Bt corn. Bt corn is a genetically modified corn plant. It is pest resistant to common borer species such as the European common borer. Damage from these pests lower crop yields by 5 - 10% annually. It was genetically modified by the insertion of the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis into the DNA of the corns embryo. This can also been seen done to tobacco, tomato and cotton plants. The Bt corn offers a pest resistance in the exact same way that the original bacteria did. The Bt gene creates a protein which is an insoluble crystal in the plant. This crystal is toxic and it kills the borer when it eats the plant. This has advantages such as there is a large amount of pesticide being used to control the borers in the corn crops. Such pesticides need to be sprayed at certain and times with the appropriate weather conditions, so that there is minimal drift and wash off by rain. By the use of the Bt gene there will be a dramatic decrease in the amount of pesticide being used. Also the different strains of the BtShow MoreRelatedBenefits Of Genetically Modified Organisms982 Words   |  4 PagesJerome Lane October 5, 2014 MMS 333 Public Relations and Marketing Prof. Carney GMO Pro-Con Assignment Introduction Created by splicing genes, Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) are organisms formed from biotechnology techniques (Millis, 2006). Many people have recently become concerned by the rising popularity of the GMO products. The central debate which has attracted controversy is whether the GMOs are beneficial or rather harmful to humankind. The embracement of GMOs as part of us has attractedRead MoreShould Gmos Be Considered Part Of A Sustainable Food System?1161 Words   |  5 PagesWhat are Genetically-Modified Foods? 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